3 Hours/Week, 3 Credits

1. Brief history of hydrography, importance of hydrography, fields of competence associated with Hydrography. 2. Principles of Hydrographic Survey: Survey specification and planning, data gathering, processing, analysis, quality and etc. 3. Positioning: The earth, datum, coordinates systems, principles of cartography and projections; positioning methods (GNSS, electromagnetic, acoustic and optical techniques). 4. Horizontal and vertical control methods of hydrography. 5. Instruments used to establish horizontal and vertical control. 6. Depth Determination: Acoustic and Motion sensors, Transducers, Acoustic systems and non acoustic systems. 7. Seafloor Classification and Feature Detection: Seafloor feature detection, seafloor characterization. 8. Water Levels and Flow: Tides and water levels and flow, water level flow and tidal currents. 9. Topographic Survey: Topography, coastline delineation and aids ti navigation positioning, Remote sensing tools used for topographic survey. 10. Hydrographic Practice: Hydrographic survey planning, survey reconnaissance, data acquisition, coastline delineation and data processing. 11. Hydrography of the Bay of Bengal. 12. Coastal erosion, artificial nourishment and planning of coast protection. 13. Coastal and offshore engineering processes and problems. 14. Sea-walls, break-water, jetties and groins. 15. Coastal protection processes from hydrographic movements Recommended Books 1. Hydrography by C. D. de Jong and Lachapelle 2. Manual on Hydrography by American Bureau of Hydrography