3 Hours/Week, 3 Credits

1. Brief history of marine Geology and geological time scale 2. General Geological and Physiographic Features of the Earth a) Shape and dimension: hypsometry, relative distribution of land and sea b) Continental drift and sea floor spreading: conceptual development, evidences, opposition c) Tectonics as an explanation of major Earth features and processes 3. Physiographic Features of the Ocean and Ocean Basins a) Large scale features: ridge, trench, fracture zone, fault, sea mount, island arc, a seismic ridge, abyssal hill, guyot, abyssal plain and others b) Features associated with continental margin: terrace, shelf, slope, rise, depressions and others c) Near shore and other features: Reef, coral island, atoll, sedimentary formations and others 4. Eustatic changes of sea level, causes and methods of study (Tsunamis, turbidity currents). 5. Earthquakes, volcanism, tsunami and mountain building in the sea 6. Topography and sediments of the floor of the Bay of Bengal 7. Deep Sea Deposits: brown clay, manganese nodule and ooze 8. Sediment: Sediment properties, Modes of particle motion, types of load: bed load transport and suspended load transport, total load transport, transport measurements. Sediment transport and deposition in the Bay of Bengal. Recommended Books 1. Marine Geology by P.H. Kuenen 2. Beach Processes and Sedimentation by Paul D. Komar 3. Submarine Geology, P.P. Shepard. 4. Marine Geology, J. Kennat