3 Hours/Week, 3 Credits
Basic concept of demography: demography and population studies, nature and scope of demography, importance of demography, vital statistics, demographic characteristics in Bangladesh. Sources of demographic data: census, survey, population register, sample vital registration system in Bangladesh. Sources and types of errors in demographic data, detection and reduction of errors, the stock and flow data. Introduction to demographic methods: rates, ratios, proportions, cohort, age-sex composition, rates of vital events, errors in age data, detection of errors in age data, population pyramid, concept of population change, rates of population growth and its different measures, balancing equation, history of population growth in Bangladesh. Fertility and its measures: crude birth rate, general fertility rate, age-specific fertility rate, total fertility rate, sex ratio, child woman ratio, cohort fertility rate, marital fertility rate, number of children ever born, cumulative fertility, fertility differentials, gross and net reproduction rate. Mortality and its measures: crude death rate, age-specific death rate, live birth, still birth, neo-natal, infant death rate, infant and child mortality, adjusted infant mortality. Nuptiality and its measures: concept of marriage, divorce, separation, estimation of mean and median age at marriage, estimation of singulate mean age at marriage, nuptiality table. Standardization of rates and ratios: concept, need and methods of standardization. Life table: definition, importance and classification, function, construction and application, force of mortality. Migration: definition, types of migration, effect of migration, various measures of migration. Population projections: definition, importance, various methods of projection, application and use of different methods of projections with special reference to Bangladesh. Growth curve: fitting of exponential, Gompertz and logistic curve.